Toronto, part 1

Going to Canada you cannot miss one of the largest and most famous cities of the country – Toronto. Tourists will not only find a number of parks and green spaces there, but also many cultural attractions.

Toronto is situated in south-eastern Canada, in the lowlands on Ontario Lake, more specifically, in the southern part of the Ontario province. It is the port on the Great Lakes and the great scientific and cultural center. Here you can admire not only modern development such as the television tower and the nineteenth-century buildings, for example the University of Toronto and the Parliament, but also many parks and gardens (including the Queen’s Park).


Toronto City Centre Airport, situated on the island, providing domestic routes, allows to get to the city from any nearby town, as well as from New York or Chicago. You can also land on a larger Toronto-Lester B. Pearson international airport. While visiting Toronto, you can get in a typical Canadian tram, train or bus, called streetcars. However, the most convenient means of transport is a car. Although, it is worth to choose public transport if you want to go to the city center, because there are only few parking spaces there. Hiking is not recommended because Toronto is quite an extensive city.

Toronto in the Huron Indians language, meant „meeting place”. Once this place was a trade route between natives of both Americas and Frenchmen came here in the sixteenth century. Originally a small trading post was established here, which then developed into Fort Rouille (in the seventeenth century). Created fortifications, were burned during the Seven Years War between France and the triumphant British. Their remains can still be seen in the exhibition located in the center of Toronto.

At the end of the seventeenth century, Toronto became the capital of the province of Upper Canada, which was inhabited by subjects to the British crown, who wanted to separate themselves from the large number of refugees coming here from the United States. In 1834 Toronto obtained civic rights and soon the university was established there. Toronto has grown and flourished when it comes to trade. Since then it has also became the capital of the province of Ontario (1867). In the early twentieth century, hydroelectric power stations were built in Niagara Falls, and thanks to this Toronto gained very convenient and cheap source of electricity. In the 20th century the city was the talk of the world. Researchers working at the University of Toronto contributed to this by discovering insulin, for which they also received the Nobel Prize. Over 30 years later, in 1959, St. Lawrence Seaway was opened, it connects the city and the Great Lakes with the Atlantic Ocean. In 1998 Toronto was merged with the suburb of York, East York, North York, Etobicoke and Scarborough in the so-called „Megacity”. Three years later the city received the title of Canada\’s most ethnically and culturally diverse city in the world.

Visiting in Toronto, we do not necessarily have to speak English or French, because a large number of Polish Canadians live there. Thanks to this large number of Poles, in 1980 the first world\’s monument of the Katyn victims was built on Roncesvalles street.

According to the local authorities, the city is the greenest metropolis in the world and a paradise for golfers because the town is full of golf courses. Most attractions for tourists are located in the downtown.